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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107-112

Exploring dental anxiety among male and female across adolescents, young adults, and middle adults

1 Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Psychology,Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Vishwakarma University, Pune, Maharashtra,India, India

Correspondence Address:
Kriti Vyas
Department Counselling and Special Education, Manthan International School, Tellapur, Hyderabad, Department of Psychology,Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Vishwakarma University, Pune, Maharashtra,India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_142_20

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Introduction: Dental anxiety is a state of uneasiness and worry, making the patient feels that something terrible will happen to him regarding dental treatment and procedure. Research suggests that dental anxiety is a prominent factor in leading to avoidance of dental treatment by the patients. The intensity of dental anxiety varies individually and across gender. Research suggests that adopting healthy dental care habits encourages good oral health, contributing to the quality of life, whereas poor dental habits can lead to dental problems. Therefore, the present study attempts to explore the level of dental anxiety and dental care habits across age groups and gender. Methods: The sample consists of 150 patients from Delhi/National Capital Region. They were divided into three age groups – adolescence (n = 50), young adulthood (n = 50), and middle adulthood (n = 50). Modified Dental Anxiety Scale was used to assess dental anxiety and a semi-structured interview was taken to assess the level of dental hygiene among the patients. Results: there are statistically significant differences in dental anxiety scores between males and females. Our results also point that these gender differences persist across age groups – adolescence, young adulthood, and middle adulthood on dental anxiety. Conclusion: The findings reveal higher dental anxiety levels among adolescents, which gradually increase with age. Furthermore, females are more susceptible to have dental anxiety than males. Thus, dental professionals should provide age and gender-targeted counseling to avoid dental anxiety among their patients.

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