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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 56-57

Insights from “Garbhasanskar” centre for ayurveda based antenatal care

Department of Stree Roga and Prasuti Tantra, Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Ayurveda and Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication26-Feb-2020

Correspondence Address:
Jayashree R Patil
Department of Stree Roga and Prasuti Tantra, Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Ayurveda Hospital and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_78_19

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Nowadays woman has to face stress in pregnancy due to changing lifestyle. They need to be guided for their self-management on physical and mental level. Garbhasnskar is nothing but qualitative antenatal care suggested by Ayurveda and Yoga to increase mental stability and physical fitness.

Keywords: Antenatal care, Ayurveda, Garbhasanskara, pregnancy

How to cite this article:
Patil JR. Insights from “Garbhasanskar” centre for ayurveda based antenatal care. J Dent Res Rev 2020;7, Suppl S2:56-7

How to cite this URL:
Patil JR. Insights from “Garbhasanskar” centre for ayurveda based antenatal care. J Dent Res Rev [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 22];7, Suppl S2:56-7. Available from: https://www.jdrr.org/text.asp?2020/7/5/56/278913

Editor: Dr. Sarika Chaturvedi

  Introduction Top

A woman is a core of family, society, and nation as well. To provide her better health is a responsibility of every family. In the multifaceted life of a woman, after conception, childbirth becomes more prone to pathological disorders due to physiological changes in her body. As most of the women are working, there is ignorance of food habits, lifestyle, etc., Woman's age of marriage and hence the age at delivery is extended. Hence, Garbhasanskara has the most importance of good well-being during pregnancy and at delivery. As pregnancy and childbirth are the unique and most cherished experiences of a female in her lifetime, Garbhasanskara is nothing but the qualitative antenatal care which is given to Panchabhautik sharira, Atma, Mana, and “Shatbhava” mentioned in Ayurveda. Basically, pregnancy and delivery are the natural procedures but just to enlighten the body during this period, this is what is done in Garbhasanskara.

During delivery and pregnancy, the female body gets exhausted due to the extra demands of essential nutrients by the growing fetus and the expulsion force which is needed for delivery. Hence, to recover that exhaustion, qualitative antenatal care is very important. This study narrates the importance of Garbhasanskara for all pathy obstetricians for better well-being of women.

Aims and objectives

  1. To study the concept of Garbhasanskara
  2. To study the effects of Garbhasanskara on the mother and baby at the level of panchamahabhuta, Atma, and Mana, which are narrated by ancient aptas.

This conceptual study will be helpful for various progressive clinical and survey studies.

  Materials and Methods Top

Only textual materials have been used for this study, from which various references have been collected. The main Ayurvedic texts used in this study are Charak Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtang Sangraha, Ashtang Hridaya, and the commentaries on it. Modern texts and related websites have also been searched.

Conceptual study

Pregnancy and childbirth are the unique and most cherished experiences of a female in her lifetime. Everyone in the family has care and concern for the woman. They want her to be given the best medical services in the town and attention. Not a single risk is expected till her full-term pregnancy and delivery. Qualitative antenatal care as per Ayurveda is best narrated in Ayurvedic texts. “Garbhini Paricharya” is the perfect term used for it. It starts from the 1st day of pregnancy, so the pregnancy becomes a well-planned and well-prepared process. The graduates of Ayurveda can take proper care of pregnant mother by advising her Ahara and Vihara. The dietic regimen in Ayurveda contains milk, butter, ghee, honey, liquids, and semisolid things. When the pregnant woman has regular visits to obstetrician, she undergoes regular checkups; vaccinations; a series of investigations including folic acid, iron, and calcium; and sonographies.

Ayurveda has some best things to offer as mentioned before in Ahara. Ayurvedic diet in pregnancy mainly includes milk, butter, and ghrita. Butter made from cow's milk contains saturated fatty acids like butyric acid and myristic acid which are essential for the antimicrobial activities. Monoglycerides rich in ghrita are helpful in the formation of lung surfactants. These also meet the nutritional needs of mother and fetus. The monthly regimen of Garbhini Paricharya in Ayurveda if followed by mother results in least complications. With that, there are less pregnancy complications and the chances of normal vaginal delivery are increased.

Along with diet, Basti in the 8th and 9th months is widely practiced in Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Ayurveda. It has seen that it reduces the feeling of severity of pain and enhances cervical dilatation. Pichu that is a vaginal tampon soaked in medicated oil is kept in the vagina along with basti. It softens the vaginal path. Perineal tears and vaginal lacerations do not take place, thus protecting the anatomy of vagina.

Pregnancy itself is a stressful event for today's woman. She has to work at home and her career is also an important mode. Ayurveda takes care of her psychology. Anxiety and stress is reduced by the practice of Asanas and meditation. We, at our Garbhasanskara hall, make pregnant women come together to practice. The spiritual attitude and serene mood created by those practices make them relax. It produces tranquility of mind and good pain tolerance.

Along with periodic antenatal checkups, there are sessions of Garbhasanskara to ensure that the pregnant woman is healthy physically and mentally. She enters into labour process at proper time and delivers without any complications. Here, in our Dr. D. Y. Patil college, we have started Garbhasanskara library for the patients. Females who are attending those Garbhasanskara classes are allowed to take books from this library so that they are educated about the procedure of labor and how women get pregnant, so the fear that is “bhaya” which is mentioned by Charak is reduced.

  Discussion Top

Garbhasanskara works on Panchamahabhuta Atma and Mana. Garbhasanskar vidhi starts from garbhadhana vidhi. Maharshi Dayanand has described the 16 sanskaras from the Janma to Mrutyu. Garbhasanskara helps to maintain women's mental and physical well-being and also recovers the exhaustion of pregnancy and delivery. Garbhasanskara also reduces the incidence of complications during pregnancy and delivery. Garbhasanskara also helps for the normal delivery. Garbhasanskara is a procedure which possess spiritual dimension also. Hence, the “Karma” mentioned in spiritual sciences is also dealt with Garbhasanskara.

  Conclusions Top

Ayurveda has mentioned Garbhini Paricharya, Sutika Paricharya, and Rutukal Paricharya, which help restore mental and physical health during pregnancy. In addition, ancient aptas were aware about the pathophysiology of pregnancy which can be more useful for the Garbhasanskara Asanas. Ayurvedic remedy in the form of Ahara, Vihara, and aushadhi is very useful in maintaining the physical, mental, and social well-being of humans. Here, in this study, the aims and objectives were achieved completely with good tolerance of patients. The incidence of normal delivery is increased in patients who joined Garbhasanskara classes. Furthermore, the outcome of patients from delivery or pregnancy was quite better. The present study can conclude that Garbhasanskara is a blessing for pregnant women, which can positively protect their body spiritually and scientifically too.

It seems quite easy to gain the knowledge of Garbhasanskar protocol for other pathy doctors also. However, they need an authentic training by a competent trainer. To observe and practice the demonstrations on pregnant patients is mandatory. Pregnant women need more attention and care for asanas, diet, and counseling. I really wish we all with hand in hand can develop a better new generation.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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