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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 228-231

Pigmented lesions of the oral cavity – A brief review


Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Debanjali Mukherjee
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patna, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_38_20

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Pigmentation is a common clinical finding of an oral cavity, but a proper diagnosis of the lesions is very challenging. Pigmentation can be focal, multifocal, associated with systemic/genetic disorder, or due to exogenous agents. Pigmented lesions are either melanocytic or nonmelanocytic. Pigmented lesions of the oral cavity have a broad spectrum of diversity. They present as racial pigmentation, innocuous lesions (amalgam tattoo, oral melanotic macule), benign nevi, and life-threatening malignant melanoma, and they can also produce a diagnostic dilemma. Thus, a proper diagnosis of a pigmented lesion in an early stage is very important for the accurate treatment plan. In this review, pigmented lesions of the oral cavity are briefly discussed.


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