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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 159-164

The impact of chronic periodontitis on glycemic control and serum lipids in comparison with periodontal health


1 Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore; Department of Biochemistry, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath University, BIHER, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Bharath University, BIHER, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Bharath University, BIHER, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Biochemistry, VRRIBMS (Affiliated to University of Madras), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Shila Samuel
VRRIBMS, Chennai - 600 056, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_124_20

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Context: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory oral disease. The inflammatory cytokines that are released as a consequence of periodontal inflammation has wide spread systemic effects on glycemic control and lipid profile of healthy controls. Aim: The study aims to study the impact of chronic periodontitis (CP) on glycemic control and serum lipids in comparison with periodontal health. Materials and Methods: This study is designed as hospital-based cross-sectional study. Fifty healthy controls and 50 CP subjects were included in the study. Complete information about demographic variables, glycemic control, and serum lipid profile were collected. Statistical Analysis: Statistical expressions were determined using Student's t-test, Chi-square test, and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Serum lipid profile and glycated hemoglobin levels were abberated in CP. Conclusion: CP influences glycemic control and induces dyslipidemia in individuals who are otherwise healthy without any systemic illness.


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