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   Table of Contents - Current issue
July-September 2019
Volume 6 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 63-75

Online since Monday, December 23, 2019

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A new kid on the block: Forensic odontology p. 63
Rohan Ashok Gawali
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Antibiotics in endodontics p. 65
Mubashir Baig Mirza, Faisal Suliman Alhedyan, Ayidh Muflih Alqahtani
The main causative factor in the pathogenesis and progression of pulp/periapical diseases has been the bacteria in the root canal system (RCS). The removal of these bacteria from the RCS and establishing an environment where the remaining bacteria cannot survive has been the primary aim of endodontic treatment. This can be achieved by using antibiotics which can be used in endodontic treatment as locally, systemically, and prophylactically. This present review will elaborate upon the use of antibiotics in the field of endodontics.
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Evaluation of efficacy of various fixation devices in management of anterior mandibular fractures: A prospective clinical study p. 69
Uday Kiran Uppada, Ramen Sinha, Prabhat Tiwari, S Vennela, Tahseen Ali Khan
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and reliability of fracture management in the anterior mandible using miniplates (MPs), lag screws (LSs), three-dimensional (3D) plates, and Herbert screws. Materials and Methods: The study consists of forty patients randomly divided into four groups of ten, undergoing open reduction internal fixation of anterior mandible fractures using MPs, LSs, 3D plates, or Herbert screw. All the patients were evaluated for stability of fracture fragments, duration of procedure, requirement of maxillomandibular fixation, and other associated complications. Results: The results of this study showed that each fixation device has its own merits and demerits. The rectangular plates achieved good stability, but its placement and adaptation was challenging in certain clinical scenarios when the anterior mandibular height was less, especially in females and in situations where the fracture line was in close proximity to the mental foramen. The placement of LS and Herbert screw was technique sensitive but did achieve good initial stability in addition to shortening the procedure time. The MPs were more versatile but required more operating time and hardware for the management of the anterior mandibular fractures. Conclusion: All of these modalities were able to achieve satisfactory final outcome. The rigid fixation techniques achieved similar results with less hardware and required lesser times. The MP fixation techniques, on the other hand, are more versatile and less technique sensitive.
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A modification of ward's incision for third molar surgery p. 74
Uday Kiran Uppada
Considering the fact that surgical removal of third molars is the most commonly performed minor oral surgical procedure lot of emphasis is given to prevent complications associated with the procedure. Most distinguished complications are associated with the flap design and soft tissue handling. This short communication highlights the fact that the distal release for the Ward's incision is not always necessary and can be avoided in certain clinical scenarios.
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