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DPU: INTERDISCIPLINARY CONFERENCE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 76-78

Effects of conventional physiotherapy treatment on kinesiophobia, pain, and disability in patients with mechanical low back pain


1 Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Research Center, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Tushar J Palekar
Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_60_19

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Background: Low back pain (LBP) is often associated with physical discomfort and functional limitations that may cause disability and interfere with their quality of life. Conventional physiotherapy treatment includes hot pack, back flexion, and extension exercises with few stretching. Aim: The aim of this study was to check the effects of conventional physiotherapy treatment on kinesiophobia, pain, and disability in mechanical LBP. Materials and Methodology: The study was conducted in the outpatient department of a physiotherapy college. The target population was patients with subacute and chronic LBP with a sample size of 30 and employing convenient sampling type. The outcome measures used were Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for disability. Results: Thirty samples that had LBP were evaluated. Pretreatment VAS at rest was 4.133 ± 1.59, which significantly reduced to 1.533 ± 0.68 post treatment with a t-value of 9.64. Pretreatment VAS on activity was 7.667 ± 0.71, which significantly reduced to 1.867 ± 1.07 post treatment with a t-value of 24.4. Pretreatment value for TSK was 49.6 ± 4.11, which reduced to 34.13 ± 3.13. Pretreatment value for ODI was 38.13 ± 9.49, which reduced to 24.4 ± 8.84. Conclusion: This study concluded that conventional physiotherapy treatment produces effectiveness in reducing pain, kinesiophobia, and disability in patients with mechanical LBP.


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