• Users Online: 438
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-8

Novel materials for defluoridation in India: A systematic review


Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sreekanth Bose
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_55_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Fluorosis is an endemic disease prevalent in 22 states in India affecting 70 million individuals. The process of removal of fluoride ions from water is known as defluoridation. Even though several defluondation techniques have been developed and implemented in India, most of these techniques have many disadvantages. Development of a newer defluoridation technique starts With laboratory experimentation of materials. Objectives: To identify recent advances in laboratory studies in India with regard to the materials used for defluoridation (published from 2010-2017). Methodology: The review was carned out according to the Joanna Briggs Institute (J81) critical appraisal guideline. A three-step search strategy was utilized which yielded twenty articles after the final step. These articles were evaluated to describe, compare and contrast the materials (Chemical, indigenous and herbal) in terms of effectiveness of fluonde removal, critical pH, cost and other factors. Results: Fluoride removal capacity varied around to 100% and optimum pH between 2 to 10 in different studies. Indigenous and herbal materials are cost effective compared to chemicals. But chemicals have better defluoridation capacity. The defluondating properties can be enhanced using certain combinations or pretreatment of these materials (eg-Heat activation). Conclusions: Indigenous and herbal products are suitable for Indian conditions because of the ease of availability and cost-effectiveness. The future research should focus on enhancing the defluoridating properties of locally available materials and field studies regarding the feasibility in real life scenarios.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1013    
    Printed118    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded233    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal