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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-11

Infant formula and early childhood caries


Department of Public Health Dentistry, KAHE's KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saudamini Girish More
Department of Public Health Dentistry, KAHE's KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_11_18

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The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) is increasing worldwide. Impaired oral health could have a negative impact on the overall health of infants. ECC can continue to deteriorate the growth and development of the child in preschool stage. Feeding practices largely influence the occurrence of ECC. Infant formula is commonly used as supplements or substitutes for breast milk up to the first 2 years of age. The dietary sugars such as lactose and sucrose, present in the infant formula, could act as a favorable substrate and change the oral microflora. Infant formula constitutes of various minerals which are known to affect tooth mineralization including iron, fluoride, and calcium. A number of in vitro, animal, and human studies have been conducted to understand their effect on oral environment and microbiota. Exploring the scientific literature for different types of infant formula and their role in the etiopathogenesis of dental caries could give us an insight into the cariogenic potential of infant formula. Furthermore, this could be source of information for health practitioners as they are the ones who are first sought by parents for advice related to infant feeding.


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