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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 36-41

Perception of pain and functional discomforts in patients after orthodontic bonding: A questionnaire study


Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Himachal Pradesh Government Dental College and Hospital, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Monika Mahajan
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Himachal Pradesh Government Dental College and Hospital, Shimla - 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_45_17

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Context: Orthodontic treatment brings about correction of dentoalveolar malformations in an individual. During the course of treatment, the patient faces frequent problems such as pain and certain discomforts affecting his daily life. Aims: The aim of the present study was to determine the time when the pain starts, its intensity, location, and duration of pain experienced by the patients after the start of fixed orthodontic treatment. Our aim was also to find the effect of pain on different aspects of daily living of the patients and also to determine if gender is correlated to the perception of pain. Settings and Design: The study included 63 patients who after orthodontic bonding were instructed to keep a daily protocol of pain experienced, mentioning the site and intensity as well as functional and social discomforts experienced by grading them at 4 h, 1st day till 7th day continuously, at 14th day, and at the end of 3rd and 6th month. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire consisted of 18 questions divided into two subgroups. The intensity of pain was measured using a visual analog scale, and the social and functional discomforts were graded. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical tests were done, and calculations of correlations were carried out using SPSS for Windows (version 16.0; SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: It was concluded that although not significant, pain as well as functional and social discomforts experienced reached a peak on day 2, started to decrease on day 3. Conclusions: This study showed no significant difference in perception of pain after orthodontic bonding based on sex though significant differences were seen in certain functional and social discomforts.


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