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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 120-126

Effect of finishing and polishing on the color stability of a composite resin immersed in staining solutions


Department of Dentistry Research, Universidade Luterana do Brasil, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Guilherme Anziliero Arossi
Department of Dentistry Research, Universidade Luterana do Brasil, Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2348-2915.169825

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Objective: To evaluate the influence of finishing/polishing methods and staining solutions using different immersion periods on the color stability of a microhybrid composite resin. Materials and Methods: Ninety specimens were fabricated using a stainless steel mold and polyester strips. The samples were randomly divided into five groups according to the finishing and polishing performed: Control group (no surface treatment was performed), Diamond Pro group, Diamond burs group, Enhance group, and SiC paper group. After finishing and polishing, six samples from each group were immersed in coffee, red wine, or water for 30 days. The color measurements were obtained using digital photography before immersion and after 7, 15, and 30 days of immersion. The red, green, and blue values provided by the Adobe Photoshop software were converted into CIELab values. A three-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test were used for statistical analysis (P ≤ 0.05). Results: The finishing and polishing methods, staining solutions, immersion times, and their interaction had statistically significant effects on the color change (P = 0.00). Coffee and red wine caused intense staining. Among the polishing methods, the highest color change value was observed in the control group (P < 0.05) and the Diamond Pro disks provided the most stain-resistant surfaces (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: The finishing and polishing method, staining solution, and immersion time influences the color stability. Finishing and polishing should be applied to obtain a more stain-resistant surface.


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